How many fundamental duties are written in constitution of India

How many fundamental duties are written in constitution of India?

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In the rich tapestry of India’s constitutional framework, the Fundamental Duties stand as silent sentinels, binding citizens to a collective commitment towards the nation’s ideals. Enshrined in Part IV-A of the Indian Constitution, these duties were added by the 42nd Amendment Act in 1976, drawing inspiration from various sources, including the Constitution of the erstwhile Soviet Union and recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee. In this blog, we delve into the significance, evolution, and the count of these Fundamental Duties, exploring the responsibilities that accompany the rights enjoyed by Indian citizens.

Basic Understanding Fundamental Duties:

The Fundamental Duties serve as a moral and civic compass, directing citizens to contribute to the building of a just and harmonious society. Embedded within the Constitution, they reflect the framers’ intent to balance individual rights with societal responsibilities.

The Count (How many fundamental duties are written in constitution of India) :

A pivotal question arises – how many Fundamental Duties are inscribed in the Indian Constitution? There are 11 Fundamental Duties encapsulated in Article 51A, each embodying a facet of civic virtue and commitment towards the nation. These duties are not enforceable by law but serve as a guide to promote a sense of discipline and patriotism among citizens.

  1. Dignity of Individual: To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag, and the National Anthem.
  2. Unity and Integrity of the Nation: To cherish and follow the noble ideals that inspired the national struggle for freedom.
  3. Citizenship Duties: To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India.
  4. Spirit of Common Brotherhood: To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India.
  5. Secularism and Scientific Temper: To renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women and discriminate against them.
  6. Protecting Natural Environment: To protect and improve the natural environment, including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife.
  7. Safeguarding Public Property: To develop scientific temper, humanism, and the spirit of inquiry and reform.
  8. Defence of the Country: To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity.
  9. Promoting Education: To provide opportunities for education to children between the ages of 6 and 14.
  10. Involvement in Public Service: To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India.
  11. Application of Mind: To safeguard public property and abjure violence.

Significance in Today’s Context:

In the rapidly evolving socio-political landscape of India, these Fundamental Duties have taken on renewed significance. As India progresses in the 21st century, the duties encapsulated in Article 51A are instrumental in fostering a sense of responsibility, social cohesion, and environmental stewardship among its citizens.


In the mosaic of rights and responsibilities, Fundamental Duties serve as the unsung heroes, often overlooked but crucial for the sustenance of a democratic and thriving society. By acknowledging, understanding, and embracing these duties, citizens can contribute to the collective progress of the nation, ensuring that the ideals enshrined in the Constitution continue to guide the destiny of India.

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