Holi, the festival of colors and love, is celebrated all over India with great enthusiasm. Punjab, a state located in northern India, has its unique way of celebrating Holi. In this article, we will explore how Holi is celebrated in Punjab, its significance, and the different traditions associated with the festival.
History and Significance of Holi in Punjab
Holi in Punjab is celebrated on the full moon day of the Hindu month of Phalguna, which falls in February or March. The festival is known as “Hola Mohalla” and is celebrated for three days. The festival’s significance is rooted in Sikh history, where it is believed to mark the victory of good over evil and the strength of the Sikh community.
According to historical accounts, the tradition of Hola Mohalla was started by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of the Sikh community, who organized a special day for military exercises and mock battles. The festival provided an opportunity for the Sikh community to showcase their martial skills and discipline. Over time, the festival evolved into a grand celebration of the Sikh culture and traditions.
Celebrations in Different Regions of Punjab
Hola Mohalla is celebrated in different parts of Punjab in various ways. The celebrations are not limited to playing with colors but also include feasting on delicious food, dancing, and singing.
In the city of Anandpur Sahib
The most important center for the Hola Mohalla celebrations, the festival is celebrated on a grand scale. People from all over Punjab and other parts of India come to witness the festivities. The highlight of the celebration is the Nagar Kirtan, a grand procession that features the holy Sikh scriptures, followed by various martial arts and cultural displays.
In the city of Amritsar
People celebrate Hola Mohalla by taking out processions and performing Bhangra, a traditional Punjabi dance. The city’s famous Golden Temple is decorated with lights and colors, and people exchange sweets and gifts with each other. The celebration is not complete without the traditional Punjabi drink, Lassi, which is served in large earthen pots.
In the city of Ludhiana
People celebrate Hola Mohalla by taking out processions and performing Gatka, a traditional Sikh martial art. The city’s famous Gurudwara Alamgir Sahib is decorated with lights and colors, and people exchange sweets and gifts with each other. The traditional Punjabi dish, Sarson Ka Saag with Makki Ki Roti, is prepared during Hola Mohalla.
In the city of Jalandhar
People celebrate Hola Mohalla by taking out processions and performing Giddha, a traditional Punjabi folk dance performed by women. The city’s famous Wonderland Amusement Park is decorated with lights and colors, and people exchange sweets and gifts with each other. The celebration is not complete without the traditional Punjabi snack, Aloo Tikki, which is prepared during Hola Mohalla.
Holi in Ropar
Holi is a popular festival in India that is celebrated with a lot of enthusiasm and zeal. Ropar, also known as Rupnagar, is a city in the northern state of Punjab in India. Holi is also celebrated with great fervor in Ropar.
In Ropar, people celebrate Holi by smearing colors on each other, dancing to the beat of dhol, and distributing sweets and savories. People also exchange gifts and greetings with their loved ones.
One unique tradition of Holi in Ropar is the lighting of a bonfire on the night before Holi, which is known as Holika Dahan. The bonfire symbolizes the victory of good over evil and is an important ritual of the festival.
Overall, Holi is a joyous and colorful festival in Ropar, where people come together to celebrate and spread happiness.
Holi in Sirhind
Sirhind, also known as Fatehgarh Sahib, is a city in the northern state of Punjab in India. Holi is also celebrated with great fervor in Sirhind.
In Sirhind, people celebrate Holi by smearing colors on each other, dancing to the beat of dhol, and distributing sweets and savories.
One unique tradition of Holi in Sirhind is the display of martial arts by the Nihang Sikhs, who dress in their traditional blue attire and perform daring feats such as horse riding, sword fighting, and other acrobatics. This is a sight to behold and attracts a large number of visitors.
Holi in Patiala
Patiala is a city in the northern state of Punjab in India, and Holi is also celebrated with great fervor in Patiala.
In Patiala, people celebrate Holi by smearing colors on each other, dancing to the beat of dhol, and distributing sweets and savories.
One unique tradition of Holi in Patiala is the display of bhangra and giddha dance performances, which are traditional dances of Punjab.
Another unique tradition of Holi in Patiala is the preparation and consumption of special dishes such as thandai, gujiya, and other sweets and savories. These dishes are an integral part of the Holi celebrations and are enjoyed by people of all ages.
Holi in Bhatinda
Bathinda, also known as Bhatinda, is a city in the northern state of Punjab in India. Holi is also celebrated with great fervor in Bathinda.
One unique tradition of Holi in Bathinda is the display of horse racing and tent pegging, which are popular sports in Punjab. These events are organized during the Holi celebrations and attract a large number of visitors. The locals participate in these events with great enthusiasm.
If you happen to be in Bathinda during Holi, you can expect to have a great time and enjoy the festivities to the fullest.
Holi in Chandigarh
Chandigarh is a city in the northern state of Punjab in India, and Holi is also celebrated with great fervor in Chandigarh.
During Holi, girls in Chandigarh celebrate the festival by smearing colors on each other and dancing to the beat of dhol. The celebrations are generally held in community areas or parks, where girls and women come together to enjoy the festival of colors.
One unique tradition of Holi in Chandigarh is the exchange of gifts and sweets between friends and family members. Girls often prepare special dishes like gujiya, thandai, and other sweets and savories, which they share with their loved ones.
What is Holi called in Punjab ?
Hola Mohalla, also called Hola.
Holi Drink in Punjab
In Punjab, a popular Holi drink is thandai, which is a cold milk-based drink that is flavored with a mixture of nuts and spices. Thandai is traditionally prepared by grinding almonds, cashews, pistachios, and other nuts along with various spices such as cardamom, fennel seeds, and saffron. This mixture is then added to chilled milk, along with sugar to taste.
Thandai is a refreshing drink that is popular during the Holi festival in Punjab, as it helps to cool down the body and provide relief from the heat. It is also believed to have a cooling effect on the body and is therefore a popular drink during the hot summer months.
In addition to thandai, other popular Holi drinks in Punjab include lassi, which is a yogurt-based drink, and sharbat, which is a sweet fruit syrup that is mixed with water or soda.
Overall, Holi is a time of celebration and fun, and the traditional drinks of Punjab play an important role in enhancing the festive spirit. These drinks are not only delicious but also provide relief from the heat and help to keep the body cool during the festival.
Holi Sweets in Punjab
In Punjab, a popular Holi sweet is gujiya, which is a deep-fried pastry filled with a mixture of khoya (milk solids), grated coconut, and nuts such as almonds and pistachios. Gujiyas are typically shaped like half-moons and are coated with a sugar syrup or dusted with powdered sugar.
Another popular Holi sweet in Punjab is mathri, which is a savory and crunchy biscuit-like snack made from flour, spices, and oil. Mathris are often flavored with ajwain (carom seeds) and can be sweet or salty depending on the recipe.
Other popular Holi sweets in Punjab include rasgulla, which are small balls made of chenna (cottage cheese) and soaked in a sugar syrup, and peda, which are sweetened milk solids flavored with cardamom and shaped into small, round pieces.
Overall, Holi is a time for feasting and celebrating with family and friends, and the traditional sweets of Punjab play an important role in enhancing the festive spirit. These sweets are delicious and often have a symbolic significance, representing the colors and joy of the festival.
Holi Punjabi Songs
Holi is a popular festival in Punjab, and there are many Punjabi songs that are played and danced to during this festive occasion. Here are some popular Holi Punjabi songs:
- “Rang Barse” – This is a classic Holi song from the Bollywood movie “Silsila” that is popular throughout India, including in Punjab. It is sung by Amitabh Bachchan and is a favorite at Holi celebrations.
- “Holi Holi Jadon Saadi Jaan Ban” – This is a popular Punjabi Holi song by Daler Mehndi. It has a fast-paced beat and is perfect for dancing and celebrating.
- “Angreji Beat Te” – This is another popular Punjabi Holi song that is great for dancing. It is from the Bollywood movie “Cocktail” and is sung by Gippy Grewal and Yo Yo Honey Singh.
- “Aaj Nachna” – This is a fun and upbeat Punjabi Holi song by Sukhwinder Singh that is perfect for dancing and celebrating.
- “Kudi Gujarat Di” – This is a popular Holi song from the Bollywood movie “Sweetiee Weds NRI” that is sung by Jasbir Jassi. It has a fun and upbeat rhythm that is perfect for Holi celebrations.
Overall, there are many Punjabi songs that are played and danced to during Holi celebrations in Punjab, and they add to the festive spirit and joy of the occasion.
Hola Mohalla, the festival of colors and love, is an important festival in Punjab, and it is celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervor. Holi in Punjab festival is a symbol of unity, strength, and the rich Sikh culture that brings people together. From performing Bhangra and Gatka to feasting on delicious food and Lassi, the celebrations of Hola Mohalla in Punjab are a true reflection of the state’s tradition and culture. Whether you are in Anandpur Sahib, Amritsar, Ludhiana, or Jalandhar, the festival of Hola Mohalla in Punjab is a treat for all the senses and a must-see for anyone visiting the state during this time of the year.